Labour Market Disadvantages Faced by Migrant Workers from Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia in Britain


  • Andrej Privara University of Economics in Bratislava
  • Eva Rievajová Department of Public Administration and Regional Development · University of Economics in Bratislava
  • Mustafa Murat Yüceşahin Ankara University, Department of Geography



residential migration trajectories, mechanisms of personal networks' reconstruction, network geography, spatiality of personal networks, family ties


Britain saw, between 2004 and 2014, a large number of movers arriving from the new member states of the European Union in Eastern Europe. Polish movers, being the largest national group, received much attention from academia, media and the wider public. Nevertheless, the movers from smaller nations, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia, the A3 countries, have been overlooked. This article explores the labour market outcomes in relation to qualifications for migrant workers from these three countries in Britain. Our analysis is based on the 2012 Annual Population Survey data. Findings show that there were significant differences indicating possible disadvantages and discrimination faced by these migrant workers. Over-qualification was relatively high among the movers from the three selected countries.


Metrics Loading ...


Alpin C, Shackleton JR and Walsh S (1998). Over- and undereducation in the UK graduate labour market. Studies in Higher Education 23 (1): 17-34.

Battu H and Sloane PJ (2004). Over-education and ethnic minorities in Britain. Manchester School 72(4): 535-559.

Blanchflower DG and Shadforth C (2009). Fear, unemployment and migration. The Economic Journal 119(535): F136-F182.

Blazkova, I., & Dvoulety, O. (2017). Is the price-cost margin affected by the market concentration? Evidence from the Czech food and beverages industry. Business and Economic Horizons, 13(2), 256-269. doi: 10.15208/beh.2017.19

Blinder, S., & Jeannet, A.-M. (2018). The 'illegal' and the skilled: Effects of media portrayals on perceptions of immigrants in Britain. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(9), 1444-1462. doi: 10.1080/1369183x.2017.1412253

Bolečeková, M., Olejárová, B., & Ostasz, G. (2018). Instruments of migration policy: A case of the Slovak Republic. Journal of International Studies, 11, 225-239. doi: 10.14254/2071-8330.2018/11-1/17

Booth AL, Leigh A and Varganova E (2012). Does ethnic discrimination vary across minority groups? Evidence from a field experiment. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 74(4): 547-573.

Brynin M and Guveli A (2012). Understanding the ethnic pay gap in Britain. Work, Employment and Society 26(4): 574 - 587.

Chiswick BR and Miller PW (2009). The international transferability of immigrants' human capital. Economics of Education Review 28(2): 162-169.

Clark K and Drinkwater S (2008). The labour-market performance of recent migrants. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 24(3): 495-516.

Crespo Cuaresma, J., Lábaj, M., & Pružinský, P. (2014). Prospective ageing and economic growth in Europe. The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, 3(C), 50-57.

Czaika, M., & Di Lillo, A. (2018). The geography of anti-immigrant attitudes across Europe, 2002-2014. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(15), 2453-2479. doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2018.1427564

Danaj, A., Lazányi, K., & Bilan, Y. (2018). Perceptions and Implications of Immigration in France - Economic, Social, Political and Cultural Perspectives. Economics & Sociology, 11(3), 226-247. doi: 10.14254/2071-789X.2018/11-3/14

De La Peña Esteban, J. I., & Peña-Miguel, N. (2018). Rethinking social welfare in Spain: A basic pension for everyone. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1737-1757. doi: 10.1080/1331677X.2018.1480402

Deskar-Škrbić, M., Drezgić, S., & Šimović, H. (2018). Tax policy and labour market in Croatia: Effects of tax wedge on employment. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1218-1227. doi: 10.1080/1331677X.2018.1456359

Eade J (2007). Class and Ethnicity: Polish Migrant Workers in London: Full Research Report. ESRC End of Award Report, RES-000-22-1294. Swindon: ESRC

Findlay A, McCollum D, Shubin S, Apsite E and Krisjane Z (2013). The role of recruitment agencies in imagining and producing the 'good' migrant. Social & Cultural Geography 14(2): 145-167.

Fox, J. E., Moroşanu, L., & Szilassy, E. (2015). Denying Discrimination: Status,'Race', and the Whitening of Britain's New Europeans. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 41(5), 729-748.

Home Office (2016). CCM20110 - A8 Migrant Workers: Workers Registration Scheme. Available at:

Hudcovský, M., Lábaj, M., & Morvay, K. (2017). Employment Growth and Labour Elasticity in V4 Countries: Structural Decomposition Analysis. Prague Economic Papers, 26(4), 422-437. doi: 10.18267/j.pep.623

Johnston R, Khattab N and Manley DJ (2015). 'East versus West? Over-qualification and earnings among the UK's European migrants'. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 41(2): 196-218.

Johnston, R., Sirkeci, I., Khattab, N., & Modood, T. (2010). Ethno-religious categories and measuring occupational attainment in relation to education in England and Wales: a multilevel analysis. Environment and Planning A, 42(3), 578-591.

Kahanec, M., & Kureková, L. M. (2014). Did post-enlargement labor mobility help the EU to adjust during the Great Recession? The case of Slovakia. IZA Discussion Papers, No. 8249. Available at:

Kakaš, A. (2017). Vzdialenost' ako faktor vỳskumu vnútornej migrácie Slovenska. Geografickỳ Časopis, 69(1), 41-60.

Kelly, M., & Hedman, L. (2016). Between Opportunity and Constraint: Understanding the Onward Migration of Highly Educated Iranian Refugees from Sweden. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 17(3), 649-667. doi: 10.1007/s12134-015-0422-4

Khattab, N., Sirkeci, I., Johnston, R. & Modood, T. (2011). 'Ethnicity, Religion, Residential Segregation and Life Chances' in T. Modood & J. Salt (eds), Global Migration, Ethnicity and Britishness, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 153-176.

Klamár, R., & Gavaľová, A. (2018). Regional application of the Gross National Happiness Index in the context of the quality of life in Slovakia. Geografický Časopis - Geographical Journal, 70(4). doi: 10.31577/geogrcas.2018.70.4.17

Kováts, A., & Papp, Z. A. (2016). Patterns of Success amongst Hungarians Living in the UK. SZOCIOLÓGIAI SZEMLE, 26(4), 95-123.

Lášticová, B. (2014). New media, social capital and transnational migration: Slovaks in the UK. Human Affairs, 24(4), 406-422.

Mavromaras K and McGuinness S (2012). Overskilling dynamics and education pathways. Economics of Education Review 31(5): 619-628.

McCollum, D. and Finlay, A. (2011). Trends in A8 migration to the UK during the recession. Population Trends, No.145(1), Autumn, 77-89.

McGuinness S (2006). Overeducation in the labour market. Journal of Economic Surveys 20(3): 337-418.

Modood, T. (2005). Ethnicity and political mobilization in Britain. In: Glenn C. Loury, Tariq Modood, Steven M. Teles (eds.) Ethnicity, Social Mobility, and Public Policy: Comparing the USA and UK, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 457-474.

Moreh, C. (2014). A decade of membership: Hungarian post-accession mobility to the United Kingdom. Central and Eastern European Migration Review, 3(2), 79-104.

OECD (2011). Towards and OECD Skills Strategy. Available at:

ONS (2013). Census statistics. Office for National Statistics.

Posta, V. (2018). Estimates of structural unemployment rates at a regional level: Example of the Czech economy. Business and Economic Horizons, 14(5), 970-987. doi: 10.15208/beh.2018.66

Rehák, Š., & Dudová, I. (2018). Kto ostáva a kto odchádza? Migračné rozhodovanie absolventov Žilinskej univerzity v Žiline. Geografický Časopis - Geographical Journal, 70(1). doi: 10.31577/geogrcas.2018.70.1.03

Sanroma E, Ramos R and Simon H (2008) The portability of human capital and immigration assimilation, IZA Discussion Paper No 3649.

Sirkeci, I., Acik, N., & Saunders, B. (2014). Discriminatory labour market experiences of A8 national high skilled workers in the UK. Border Crossing, 4(1-2), 17-31.

Sirkeci, I., Acik, N., Saunders, B., and Přívara, A. (2018). Barriers for highly qualified A8 immigrants in the UK labour market. Work, Employment and Society, 32(5), 906-924.

Škuflić, L., & Vučković, V. (2018). The effect of emigration on unemployment rates: The case of EU emigrant countries. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1826-1836. doi: 10.1080/1331677X.2018.1516154

Šprocha, B., Šídlo, L., Klapková, M., & Ďurček, P. (2018). Nové prístupy k hodnoteniu procesu populačného starnutia a ich aplikácia v prípade Slovenska a Európy. Geografický Časopis, 70(4). doi: 10.31577/geogrcas.2018.70.4.19

Streimikiene, D., Bilan, Y., Jasinskas, E., & Griksaite, R. (2016). Migration trends in Lithuania and other new EU member states. Transformations in Business & Economics, 15(1).

Strielkowski, W., Rausser, G., Bilan, Y., & Tsevukh, Y. (2018). Migrant remittances and their impact on the economic development of the Baltic States. Geographica Pannonica, 22. doi: 10.5937/22-16988

UNESCO (2006). International Standard Classification of Education 1997. Available at:

Vasylieva, T., & Samusevych, Y. (2018). Does Tax Competition for Capital Define Entrepreneurship Trends in Eastern Europe? On-Line Journal Modelling the New Europe, (27), 34-66. doi: 10.24193/OJMNE.2018.27.02

Verwiebe, R., Reinprecht, C., Haindorfer, R. Wiesboeck, L. (2017). How to Succeed in a Transnational Labour Market: Job Search and Wages among Hungarian, Slovak, and Czech Commuters in Austria, International Migration Review, 51(1):251-286.

Zaiceva, A., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2016). Returning home at times of trouble? Return migration of EU enlargement migrants during the crisis. In Labor migration, EU enlargement, and the great recession (pp. 397-418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.




How to Cite

Privara, A., Rievajová, E., & Yüceşahin, M. M. (2019). Labour Market Disadvantages Faced by Migrant Workers from Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia in Britain. Migration Letters, 16(4), 585–594.