Case Study: Endangered Lithuania


  • Vilmante Kumpikaite-Valiuniene Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania



FDI, Natural resources, GDP, Nigeria


Due to a decreased birth rate and increased emigration, Lithuania’s population fell from 3.5 million to 2.8 million during the period 1990 - 2017. This paper presents a picture of the endangered Lithuanian population conditioned by high emigration flows. Four emigration waves and their reasons during the 27 year period in Lithuania are discussed. Economic and social conditions have only shown a slight change for Lithuanian citizens. In addition, no option of dual citizenship is available for emigrants. These reasons, as well as the Brexit consequences, have an impact on the emigration rates and Lithuania’s endangerment generally.

Author Biography

Vilmante Kumpikaite-Valiuniene, Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania

Professor in Human Resource Management, School of Economics and Business


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How to Cite

Kumpikaite-Valiuniene, V. (2019). Case Study: Endangered Lithuania. Migration Letters, 16(4), 637–646.