Interactive acculturation of Turkish-Belgian parents and children in Flanders: A case study of Beringen


  • Özgün Ünver Research Institute for Work and Society - University of Leuven (HIVA - KU Leuven)
  • Ides Nicaise Research Institute for Work and Society - University of Leuven (HIVA - KU Leuven)



remittances, development, global south


This article tackles the relationship between Turkish-Belgian families with the Flemish society, within the specific context of their experiences with early childhood education and care (ECEC) system in Flanders. Our findings are based on a focus group with mothers in the town of Beringen. The intercultural dimension of the relationships between these families and ECEC services is discussed using the Interactive Acculturation Model (IAM). The acculturation patterns are discussed under three main headlines: language acquisition, social interaction and maternal employment. Within the context of IAM, our findings point to some degree of separationism of Turkish-Belgian families, while they perceive the Flemish majority to have an assimilationist attitude. This combination suggests a conflictual type of interaction. However, both parties also display some traits of integrationism, which points to the domain-specificity of interactive acculturation.

Author Biographies

Özgün Ünver, Research Institute for Work and Society - University of Leuven (HIVA - KU Leuven)

PhD student, University of Leuven

Senior Research Associate, Research Institute for Work and Society - University of Leuven (HIVA - KU Leuven)

Ides Nicaise, Research Institute for Work and Society - University of Leuven (HIVA - KU Leuven)

Professor, University of Leuven

Research Manager, Research Institute for Work and Society - University of Leuven (HIVA - KU Leuven)


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How to Cite

Ünver, Özgün, & Nicaise, I. (2019). Interactive acculturation of Turkish-Belgian parents and children in Flanders: A case study of Beringen. Migration Letters, 16(3), 417–428.