Sikh Refugee Contribution towards Khalistani Nationalism


  • Dr. Shyamal Kataria



It has been said that ethno-national identity, despite being ‘psychological’ in constitution, is territorialized in place. Indeed it is virtually impossible to conceive of any identity, particularly one that is ethno-national in variety, which does not contain a strong territorial underpinning. Yet refugees that are driven out from their homeland on account of their ethno-national identity are typically considered to constitute a de-territorialized group. However, refugees do not necessarily lose a sense of ethno-national identity after being de-territorialized. This paper contends that de-territorialized refugees, upon arrival into their host societies, endeavour to re-territorialize their persecuted identity and that such a process will likely prompt the rise of ethno-national conflict. This claim will be demonstrated with reference to the Sikh refugees that arrived from the territories of to-be/newly established West Pakistan into the eastern portion of Punjab that had remained part of India following the partition of the country in 1947.




How to Cite

Dr. Shyamal Kataria. (2023). Sikh Refugee Contribution towards Khalistani Nationalism . Migration Letters, 21(1), 547–560.




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