The Reasons Behind the Spread of Private Tutoring in the Sultanate of Oman from Teacher’s Point of View
The study's objective was to identify the factors that led to the growth of private lessons in the Muscat Governorate from the teachers' perspective. A descriptive research design used a sample of 1228 teachers from various governorates throughout the Sultanate of Oman. A questionnaire tool was also used with 58 items on factors related to the student, school, family, and teacher. The study produced several conclusions, the most significant of which is that the average reasons for the growth of private lessons in the Sultanate of Oman from the teachers' perspective were high, coming in at 3.77. The arithmetic averages for the areas of the reasons for the growth of private lessons ranged between (3.23 and 3.96), which came in first. Reasons tied to the student came first, while reasons related to the teacher came in last. As a result of the governorate variable alone, the results also showed statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) in the reasons for the spread of private lessons. Each time, there are statistically significant differences between the averages of the factors that contributed to the spread of private lessons between Dhofar Governorate and each of the other governorates (Musandam, North Al Batinah, Muscat, Al Dhahirah), and each time, the differences are in favour of Dhofar Governorate. Regarding the remaining variables, the findings did not indicate any statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0.05) in the factors contributing to the spread of private lessons, such as teachers' gender, academic backgrounds, professional experiences, or the two, three, or four-way interactions between these factors. A set of recommendations were made at the study's conclusion, including the creation of a legal provision that makes it illegal for teachers to give private lessons to students at the school where they are employed, an effort to eradicate the causes of the spread of private lessons, and the creation of a study examining the correlation between the growth of private lessons and student achievement.
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