Vulnerability and Adaptation of Fish Production to the Challenges of Global Change
Global climate change increasingly threatens fish production units and ecosystems, creating an uncertain future for both wild fish diversity and global fisheries. Understanding how fish growth responds to changing environments is essential for indicating and predicting the impacts of climate change on fish populations, communities and even aquatic ecosystems. This study aimed to review the state of current research by analyzing data on the environment, producing units, species and response patterns from 35 papers published in the ScienceDirect and Scopus database; 20 of them are analyzed under the approach of the characteristics of the Fishing Units, and the remaining 15 were analyzed according to factors of global change. The findings determine that coastal communities engaged in artisanal marine fisheries have been studied primarily, and fish from freshwater ecosystems were relatively less studied than their marine counterparts. Global change effects were shown mainly influenced by the temperature variable reflected in inadequate fish growth (physiology and health) with negative effects both globally and locally.
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