Gender and youth migration for empowerment: migration trends from Tanzania

Authors

  • Gemma Joan Nifasha Todd Research Scientist
  • Benjamin Clarke Colombia University, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology
  • Millie Marston Deparment of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • Mark Urassa National Institute of Medical research, Mwanza
  • Jim Todd London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59670/ml.v14i2.334

Keywords:

gender, youth, urbanisation, migration, Kisesa, Tanzania

Abstract

Migration remains a central concern in urbanisation, especially in Africa. With mobility, and migration, articulated as norms of the twenty-first century this paper introduces a focus on trending realities. The paper describes the migration to and from the rural hinterland of a medium-sized African city in Tanzania. By asking questions on migration trends within livelihoods, this project identifies the emerging demographic patterns, and geographies, within Tanzania. Analysis was carried out on a Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS) database. The HDSS site data provides an overview of population movement in, out, and within, Kisesa, Tanzania. The results raise discussion concerning what mobility means and the connections between migration and urbanisation. The results raise two key points. Certain factors increase the ‘risk’ of migration: age, sex, place of residence, and being able to migrate individually. These risk factors as interconnected. Results highlight the need for a gender and age sensitive approach with feminising, and youthful, migration trends identified. Secondly, migration is not necessarily rural-urban, but rather increasingly involve local movements within the Kisesa ward and circular mobilities’.

Author Biographies

Gemma Joan Nifasha Todd, Research Scientist

Social Science

Benjamin Clarke, Colombia University, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology

PhD Student, Colombia University, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology 10th Fl, Schermerhorn Ext, 1200 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027

Millie Marston, Deparment of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Millie Marston, Assistant Professor in Deparment of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Mark Urassa, National Institute of Medical research, Mwanza

Mark Urassa, Senior Research Scientist at the National Institute of Medical research, Mwanza, Tanzania

Jim Todd, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Professor of Applied Biostatistics at LSHTM

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Published

2017-05-01

How to Cite

Todd, G. J. N., Clarke, B., Marston, M., Urassa, M., & Todd, J. (2017). Gender and youth migration for empowerment: migration trends from Tanzania. Migration Letters, 14(2), 300–317. https://doi.org/10.59670/ml.v14i2.334

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Section

Articles